Searching the Scriptures
Notes and lessons on the book of Genesis by
Bro. James H. Knight
Searching the Scriptures:
Notes for the Shepherd’s Journal
These notes are the material used in the teaching ministry of Pastor James H. Knight. Not all of the material or thoughts originated in the heart of bro. Knight, but these lessons have come through much study and prayer. We praise God for the labors of all who have gone before and through whom much truth has been shared that we might be able to add just a little more to that which has already been. Thank you and God bless all you men of God that I have heard and read after.
Pastor James H. Knight
Genesis Lessons 1-7
Free to all to use as opportunity arises.
Some words concerning Study:
In beginning to study the word of God we must keep several things in mind. We must remember that God, being the Author of His Word is free to say just exactly what He wants too. We must also remember that God is the Authenticator of His Word, which means that He will do just what He says He will do. And God is the Authority behind His Word, which means that He has the Power to do just as He chooses, without answering to anyone or anything as to why.
We also need to ask ourselves a few basic questions in our study. As we read any particular text, we must keep ourselves in mind of the context in which it was written. Ask yourself these questions.
1. Who said this?
2. Who was it spoken too?
3. What did it mean to the hearer(s) in that place and at that time?
4. How does it apply to me today?
We also need to remember a few simple facts that seem to be forgotten in our day. No two people are going to agree on everything in the scriptures. I would seem that there is a great deal of trouble in the church in our day concerning this point of truth. No two people are going to agree on every point of doctrine. What is more, no one person is going to be right about every point of doctrine. Nor has anyone person the monopoly on truth. The fact that a student of the Gospel finds someone who disagrees with him does not mean that the other individual is automatically wrong. It is also important to remember that different people will perceive different truths from the same passage. Perhaps one has seen some truth or application that can be made using a particular text, yet another has seen another truth from that text which is just as accurate as the other in the presentation of a biblical truth. Different men see things in different ways. When the Lord told Peter to cast an hook and get the tax money, one may see that Peter had to move by faith in order to receive the blessing, while another may use it to illustrate the sovereignty of Jesus Christ as Creator of all things and in total control. Either application is correct and yet either may be taught without emphasizing the other and still not be incorrect doctrinally. We must remember that Scripture has primary and , possibly, many secondary applications. And we must realize that we never get to the place that we are too old, or too spiritual to learn. The greatest problem here is that many simply will not be taught because in order to be taught, one must admit that someone else knew something that they did not. Oh, the pride that plagues the human heart and makes it so difficult to convey even some of the simplest truths of Scripture.
It is also useful to keep in mind that only God knows all that is contained in the Scriptures. And most damaging to our pride, even the devil knows more bible than we do. (This truth is what makes the devil the more dangerous to us. It has been said that the devil is far less dangerous as a roaring lion than he is as an angel of light)
Another thought is the consideration of the tools that we use in our bible studies. We must of course have and be familiar with a good copy of the Word of God. The 1611 King James, Authorized version is the only one recommended by this author or this writing. All research, references and quotations in this writing will be from this precious book. We also must use whatever reliable facts are at our disposal, whether they be in the field of religion, life, history, science, common sense, theoretical studies, or our own thoughts. Most importantly of all we must be guided by the Holy Spirit of God. Without the discerning leadership of the Holy Spirit, no study will avail any good.
Keep these things in mind as we begin our study of the word of God together.
Pastor: James H. Knight
Introduction to Genesis
According to Dr. John Phillips, the book of Genesis is a book of (1) facts (2) firsts
(3) faith (4) forecasts (5) funerals.
Matthew Henry says that the book of Genesis is the “seed-plot of the bible” because almost all the teachings and doctrines of the bible have their beginning there. It is said to give us the beginning of everything except God.
In the book of Genesis God is revealed
1. As Creator
2. As the Covenant God
3. As Almighty God
4. As the Most High God, Possessor of Heaven and Earth
We have the first hint of the Blessed Trinity in Genesis 1:1. The Hebrew word for God in this verse is the plural name of God, Elohim. And also in 1:26 when God says “Let us make man in our image”
NOTE ALSO (IJohn 5:7; Matthew 3:16,17; John 1:1)
We see man exhibited as the creature of God’s hands (2:7) then as fallen and sinful l(3:9)
Then brought back to God (3:21) finding Grace (6:8) again walking with God (6:9) and made the friend of God (James 2:23).
Satan is exposed for what he is…
1. To disobey the Word of God
2. To dishonor the Will of God
3. To divert the worship of God
He calls into question the word of God in questioning Eve, “yea hath God said?” (3:1) Thereby questioning truth.
He casts doubt on the integrity of God’s Word “ye shall not surely die” (3:4). Thereby casting doubt on the intent of or purpose of the command.
He denies it’s veracity, “ye shall be as gods” (3:5). Thereby questioning it’s authority.
We see sovereign election exhibited in God’s singling out of Abraham (12:1-3). Issac over Ishmael (21:12). Jacob over Esau (25:23) and Joseph above his brethren.
Salvation is displayed when God clothes Adam and Eve with coats of skins. Death came in, blood was shed and the innocent died for the guilty.
Justification by faith is made known, “And he believed in the Lord; and He counted it to him for righteousness.” It does not say that he obeyed, loved, or served, but that he believed and that it was counted to him for righteousness, not instead of, but for righteousness.
The list goes on and on as to the many truths which are revealed in this precious book of beginnings, the book of Genesis.
Because Genesis is the “seed-plot” of the bible, it is the best place to begin a systematic study of the word of God. The best way to learn is in proper order, and that would be to start at the beginning.
In study there are some things that are needed
1. Salvation— a lost man can not understand the things of God
2. Faith — an unbeliever can not believe, and one who is weak in the faith may not believe
3. A desire to know God better
4. A good bible.
In order to study the word of God successfully, we, as students must be prepared with an unshakable faith that the bible is the perfect Word of God, the whole bible. It is written down for our learning.
There are those who deny that the Pentateuch was written by Moses and thereby is unreliable. If we were to abandon any part of the Word of God as unreliable, then none of it can be trusted. If we can not trust the Holy Spirit in Genesis 1:1 then we can not trust Him in John 3:16.
Recommended reading for this study:
Exploring Genesis by John Phillips
Gleanings from Genesis by Arthur W. Pink
The Genesis Record by Henry M. Morris
“In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.”
It is notable how short and to the point this opening statement of God’s word is. In looking at it you would think that it would seem almost inappropriate. Should there not be more said concerning creation of the world that we live in and see thriving all around us?
In his book on Biblical Preaching, Haddon Robinson tells the story of a young journalist who went to his editor with an article that he thought was one of his finest pieces of work. With little more than a glance at the article the editor handed it back and said, “cut it in half”. The young man was disappointed but he did has he was told. When he took the article back the editor said “now cut it down to a half page” and the young journalist protested. His editor replied “young man, you fail to realize that the whole story of original creation is told in just ten words.”
There is a great deal of information that we can glean from this first verse of God’s word. There is a great deal of work accomplished by these few words.
Notice first of all that it destroys atheism by declaring that there is a God. No attempt is made to explain God, or where He came from. It simply takes the fact of God’s existence as self-evident and declares “In the beginning God”.
It does away with materialism because it tells us that God was before His material creation and was not Himself created.
It does away with pantheism which teaches that God is merely a state of being or an attitude. We see in this verse that God is a personal God, a being: not a thought or a state.
It tells us that He is omnipotent, or all powerful because only an omnipotent being could create anything. ( the word “ created” in this verse is translated from the Hebrew word “bara” which means to suddenly and instantaneously call something into existence from nothing.”)
In John 1:1 we read three times that in the beginning God “Was”. That tells us that in the beginning God was already past-tense.
As a child of God I don’t understand a lot of things but I am glad by the Grace of God through faith I can believe, even though I might not understand.
So, in the first verse of Genesis we see God is Creator, pre-existent, and personal.
This short verse is the foundation of all real theology. God is the beginning of all things. True theology begins with God And works down to man. In false theology an attempt is made to start with man and work up to God. As is displayed at the tower of Babel, and by the Jehovah’s Witnesses.
We must, in all our thinking, begin with God and work our way down to man.
This is also true in the divine inspiration of the Scriptures. By faith we know that the scriptures came from God Himself, Though we know that they are written in human language, by human hands. Still, “In the beginning God.”
No creature possesses this power of creation. God is the only one Being who possesses this power. There are those who believe that the devil created demons. He did not, he has no such power. The devil can only pervert or destroy that which God creates. That is why he had to enter the serpent in the garden. He could no create a body for himself, and there were no other human bodies to enter. Therefore, here in Genesis 1:1 we have God identified as The Creator and therefore All-Powerful. A fact to be believed and accepted.
“In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.”
“And the earth was without form and void and darkness was upon the face of the deep, and the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.” (Genesis 1:2)
We have already noted that God pre-existed all things. And that He created all things. We see here the Spirit of God moving upon the face of the waters and darkness is upon the face of the deep. Day one has not yet come to pass and we see the Spirit of God moving upon the face of the waters. There was no light until we see in verse 3, God said, “Let there be Light”. Looking again at verse two we see that the earth was without form and void. The creation of light on the first day showed all of heaven just what shape the earth was in.
As we study let us consider a question. If on the first day of creation, as we see in the scriptures before us, God said, “Let there be light,” and thereby exposed the confused, chaotic mess that the earth was in, where did it all come from? When God said “let there be light.” There was something here. Look again at Genesis 1:1.
We find before us a subject which has proven to be a very controversial one in some circles, but if you will study the Word of God, compare scripture with scripture, pray, read, and follow God, you will find that there really is no controversy at all.
The subject that we must examine is known by many as the gap theory. We shall refer to it simply as the gap.
Many do not believe in the gap but it is usually because they have never had the opportunity to study or ask questions about it. Many are just turned off by the word “Theory”, and choose not to listen. To tell the truth, any and every body has a theory about most anything.
Modern science has taken such precedence in our lives that our children are bombarded in public school with many theories which are unscriptural, and most definitely impossible. They hear about the “Big Bang”. If anything were true other than the creation that we read of in Genesis 1 and 2, then the bible is a fabrication of some man’s imagination. If the “Big Bang” were true, Genesis could not be true. In Genesis there was not sun, no moon, and there were no stars, until the third day.
Children today are also taught the theory of evolution. They are led to believe that life is the result of a bolt of lightning in a dead sea, on a dead planet. They are taught Darwin’s theory of evolution.
Note: Even Darwin had doubts about his theory and gave instruction that if it were found to be unreliable that it should be discarded.
The above chart is that of Clarence Larkin, that great man of God who did great work to help others gain an understanding of God’s precious word. He believed in and “Original Earth,” “A chaotic Earth,” and the “Present Earth.” He believed in a gap between Gen. 1:1 and 1:2.
THIS IS NO NEW DOCTRINE, DREAMED UP TO ARGUE WITH OPPONENTS TO SCRIPTURE…
The gap is not something which was just dreamed up to argue with modern science. It is, in fact, the result of prayerful meditation, and much study. Then careful consideration of scripture compared with scripture.
We must realize that science which contradicts the bible is not science at all, it is false. For science and the bible are the best of friends. True science serves to affirm that God is who He says He is, and His word is true. False science casts doubt on the word of God.
Some things that science has discovered in recent history have affirmed for us that God is who He says He is.
1. Circumcision (Genesis 17:11,12) Abraham had no way of knowing that a child’s blood does not clot until the eighth day of life and that if he had not waited eight days, Isaac would have bled to death. Only God could have known that and thus we have the command.
2. The earth is round (Isaiah 40:22)
3. That there are currents in the seas (Psalm 8:8)
4. That the earth hangs on nothing in space (Job 26:7)
Let’s look again at verse two. “And the earth was without form and void:” The word “was” in this phrase is translated from a Hebrew word which also means “became”.
The words “without form” in this verse are translated from the Hebrew word “tohu” and this word means “confusion”.
The word “void” in this verse is translated from the Hebrew word “bohu” which means “emptiness”.
Now we know that sometime after verse number one and before verse number two the earth “became confused and empty”.
In turning to Isaiah 45:18 we will find the same Hebrew word here for “created” as we find in Genesis 1:1. The Hebrew word “bara” which means to suddenly and instantly call something into existence where nothing previously was, and to do it with nothing. This speaks of course, of the original creation of Genesis 1:1, or, before the earth was without form and void and darkness was upon the face of the deep.
The words “in vain” here in Isaiah 45:18 are translated from the same Hebrew word as “without form” in Genesis 1:2.
Comparing scripture with scripture we see that Genesis 1:2 is not what was here in Genesis 1:1.
Looking at Genesis 1:1 we have no way of knowing how long the heaven and earth were what we see them to be in 1:2. This is the first place that modern science attacks the word of God and every theory that they present falls short of truth.
There are those who will say, “I don’t believe that there was anything beyond Adam.” If you pay attention, Adam and Eve were the last two things created in Genesis. Furthermore, until God created light in Genesis 1:3 and set the boundaries of day and night there was no such thing as time for the first day is not even recorded until verse 5. That tells us that everything which took place up to that point was in eternity.
Before God said, “Let there be light”, it also tells us that the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
When modern science tells us that the bible is wrong and that it only goes back about six thousand years; We can assure our children that beyond that day in Genesis 1:5 there was no such thing as time, all things were, as yet, in eternity. There is no way to know a date when there was none.
Some say they just don’t believe there was something else before Adam and Eve in the garden of Eden. Well, we all know that Adam and Eve were in the garden when Satan tempted the woman. So we know that the devil was the devil before then. Where did the devil come from?
(ISAIAH 14:12-17) (EZEKIEL 28:122-19)
These passages tell us of the fall of Satan which obviously had to take place before the garden and the fall. He was the devil in the garden. But he was perfect when he was created. Not until iniquity was found in him.
I have no problem at all with modern science telling me that there were dinosaurs. No problem at all. I believe that they were here. I do not believe they were here with Adam in the garden because they would still be around.
According to the word of God, in Genesis 6:19-22, Noah had, at least, two of every creature on the ark, except of course, for fish. The only explanation for the absence of dinosaurs in the world today is that they perished in the gap that hangs heavily between Genesis 1:1 and Genesis 1:2.
I do have a problem with scientists on a couple of points though.
1. Science tries to put a date and time on something that existed in eternity past, you can not date something that existed when there were no dates.
2. Scientists in some circles also say that the dinosaurs perished when a meteor (or comet) hit the earth. There were no meteors, no heavenly bodies until the fourth day of creation. Where could a meteor have come from?
I do firmly believe that something struck the earth with such force as to annihilate life and destroy the world. I believe we find it in Luke 10:18. Jesus said, “I beheld Satan, as lightning, fall from heaven.” Where did Satan fall too? When he fell there were only two places,
1. Heaven and
Satan’s fall took place somewhere in the gap, and God’s withdrew His Glory from the world that was in the beginning. That left the world that then was in darkness and it died, becoming confused and empty. But God did not make a full end. We see the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. Isaiah 45:18 tells us plainly that He did not create it that way. God is not the author of confusion and did not make a confused mess. God created it beautiful and perfect and capable of sustaining life according to that verse. Satan’s fall was the destruction of what was.
God’s Work of Redemption Pictured in Creation
Now we will look at one of my favorite studies, and that is the picture of God’s redemptive work shown to us in the creation epic of Genesis. We will look at some of the truths that we may never have considered before which are displayed for us in these wonderful days of creation. If you will recall we have already seen how that God created the Heaven and the Earth in the beginning. We noted that this took place some where in eternity past.
We know that God is a perfect God and that He does all things well. Everything God does is beautiful. And it will stay that way unless or until some outside force comes along and destroys it. Sin is a force that can and does mar and pervert some beautiful works of God’s hands.
The human body is a wonderful thing, yet it grows old and wears out. Many times we hear of people being sick or suffering injury. All of this is a result of sin. Every time one of God’s creatures dies, it is because of sin. When you are driving, every animal that you see on the road, killed by an automobile it is another reminder that there is sin in the world. We await the day that all of that will change. All of creation is waiting for the curse to be lifted off this earth and off man.
Rom 8:18-23 For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us. For the earnest expectation of the creature waiteth for the manifestation of the sons of God. For the creature was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him who hath subjected the same in hope, Because the creature itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God. For we know that the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain together until now. And not only they, but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body.
Throughout the word of God we find picture after picture of the Redeeming work of Jesus Christ and it lies there just for us to seek, ask after, and find. Study will help us to more fully understand…
God’s love for man, and
God’s provision for fallen man.
Now, look at verse one of Genesis again…
“In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.”
This is the beginning, all things are at this time beautiful, untouched by sin and death. It must have been a sight to see God’s Glorious creation, untouched, unaltered, unmarred by sin. And then there came darkness, confusion and emptiness.
This is a picture of man in the Garden of Eden. He was in innocence, in a perfect environment. Life was good. There was no sin, no corruption, no death. And one day the serpent beguiled Eve, Adam sinned, and man was fallen. Man fell in the garden and his soul became a living picture of Genesis 1:2. (without form, void—meaning confused and empty) And a darkness settled into the heart and soul of man. Suddenly innocence vanished into chaos. Man’s fellowship with God was broken and he had died spiritually.
If you are saved by the Grace of God then you were in just this shape when God found you; A heart full of darkness, blind to the truth and not even caring about it. Lost in sin and going to a devil’s hell without even knowing it. You can look back and remember the time that darkness overshadowed your soul, you knew that something was missing.
That is why so many people will take a gun and end their own life. That is why many will take an overdose in order to hasten their own death. Darkness is across their souls and sometimes it seems to them that life is just not worth living. Suicide is rampant in our day and it is not at all limited to any particular social group. It plagues all, educated as well as uneducated, young as well as old, rich as well as poor. Nothing the world has to offer can fill the void of a darkened heart.
Neither is it limited to lost people. Some who have been saved by the Grace of God believe that they have too great a burden to bear, or they suffer to the point that they think it would be better for them to go on to heaven than to stay here. The valley they may be in seems too wide to cross, and they end their own life. But don’t be too quick to judge until you have walked a mile in their shoes. A saved man can not go back into the darkness and lose his salvation; but he can turn his back on the light.
That darkness in the heart of a lost man is the great darkness of one already dead; Dead in trespasses and sins: A creature of God that is in rebellion and sin within his own heart, lost and undone, with no hope at all.
When a person reaches the age of the knowledge of accountability there is a choice to be made. Adam came to a place where he had to choose.
Obedience or dis-obedience
Life or death
Losing or keeping Eve
Adam loved Eve and ate of the fruit, and sinned, making himself like her so that they could be together.
When a man finds himself in this darkness he has to make a choice. In order to choose, however, one must know his options.
“And the earth was without form and void and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.”
If you notice the word moved in this verse it is translated from a Hebrew word “rachaph”(raw-khaf), and it means to brood, to be relaxed, flutter, move, or shake. This tells us that God did not make a full end. He did not stop there. The world was dead, useless; nothing could be done with it because it was a confused empty mess cloaked in darkness. No hope was in sight. That is exactly the shape you find yourself in when you realize that you are lost. When I realized that I was lost, in darkness, in need of something that was missing; I did not know what to do. That is the shape that Adam found himself in when he fell, LOST! And with no hope in sight.
Look again at that verse: “And the spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters,” Yes Adam fell, yes all are sinners as a result of his fall, yes we find the hearts of unregenerate man dark, confused and empty, and YES! GOD CAN STILL SAVE SOULS! And because God love the work of His hand, He did not make a full end. “The spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.”
Man was fallen, the spirit of man became without form and void and dark. But, GLORY TO GOD!!! The Lord did not make a full end. He did not just wipe it all away. Instead, He waited for a time that He had predetermined. He had already planned a way for fallen man to get back into fellowship with Him. To restore that precious fellowship that had been broken.
Aren’t you glad that when God saw you lost and on your way to hell, when you couldn’t have known Him if you had met Him in the street. Maybe all you once knew of God was how to use His name in a curse word. But God foreknew. Thanks be unto God, according to Romans 8:28-29 He knew that there would come a day that you would choose to put your faith in Jesus Christ. That is why Jesus is the Lamb, slain before the foundation of the world. Because God knew what you would do long before you were ever born.
I am glad, thank God, that when God could have cut me down in darkness and cast me aside, Instead He loved me. Not only did He love me but He sent His precious Son to die for me. He loves you friend. So much so that Jesus died for you. He died in our place so that we might obtain everlasting life. And once we have it He won’t take it away. Even when we were lost God had everything worked out in our favor.
“And the spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.”
Looking now at verse 3
“And God said, let there be light: and there was light.”
We see the beginning of the first day. In looking at day 1 let us note that the number 1 in the number of God. It is the first or beginning of all numbers. God is The Light so it is fitting that the first day would see the creation of light. God is before all things and is the beginning of all things.
We have already discussed how that the condition of the earth in verse 2 is a picture of the condition of a lost soul. Without form, void, dark; This is a soul lost in sin, in chaos, but also in darkness. Dead in sin, blinded by the darkness that they are in until the day that the Holy Spirit of God speaks in their heart, “Let there be light.” Then the light of the Glorious Gospel of Jesus Christ shone in for the first time. Until that day a soul can not see the shape that they are in.
If you are a Christian, you remember when you first realized that you were lost and going to hell. Do you remember when you realized at last that you were in need of help? Oh, the trembling soul that has realized his lost condition and his utter helplessness; For the first time realizing that state of being lost, without God.
Illumination is only part of the work of the Holy Spirit. There is where we begin, (not end) the beautiful picture of God’s work of redemption for a fallen mankind. God’s plan for bringing us back unto fellowship with Himself.
Look now at John 16:7-15
Joh 16:7-15 Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you. And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment: Of sin, because they believe not on me; Of righteousness, because I go to my Father, and ye see me no more; Of judgment, because the prince of this world is judged. I have yet many things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now. Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come. He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall shew it unto you. All things that the Father hath are mine: therefore said I, that he shall take of mine, and shall shew it unto you.
Looking at verse 8 we see the work of the Holy Spirit.
will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment:
The word world in verse 8 is translated from a Greek word (“kosmos”) which has two uses. In this verse it means “mankind”. This first step in the work of the Holy Ghost takes place and it enlightens us to the fact that we are lost in sin. The word reprove means to confute, admonish, convict, convince, tell a fault, rebuke or reprove. In short it means to show someone that something is wrong. “let there be light”. In other words, we see in Genesis 1:3 the picture of a soul that has just been admonished, convicted, convinced, and reproved of sin. As we already saw, the word world means all mankind. This tells us that everyone shall be presented with an opportunity at some time in life to make a choice. And a choice must be made.
Some will reject conviction, they will fight against the truth as it is revealed to them, they will literally, knowingly refuse to repent. ( I have seen this with my own eyes in the hospital room of a dying man who admitted that he was going to hell and yet refused to pray.) Others will break under the burden and call on God for help. Those who refuse may never have another chance. God may never deal with a rebellious heart again. Every time a person hardens their heart, it gets easier to do it the next time. And the time may come that God gives that person over to their sin. It happened in Romans chapter 1 to lost folks, and it happened to Balaam in the book of Numbers. And it happened to Pharoah.
Homosexuals, pagans, religious, and demon possessed people all around us are in just this shape today.
We can rejoice for the few who will allow the Holy Spirit to break them and in their hearts will raise a cry for mercy that reaches all the way to the throne room of Almighty God in Heaven.
Friends, this is when the Glorious Light of the Gospel of Jesus Christ is preached by the Holy Spirit for the first time to the immortal soul of a lost man. A man may hear the gospel a million times and it do nothing for him; but when the Holy Spirit preaches it to him that will get the job done.
The Holy Spirit doesn’t show a man that he is lost and just leave him there. He wants to save sinners. He shows us our helpless case so that we can see the light of the Good News more clearly. It is only when we see the darkness that we can see the light.
Light is also a picture of Jesus’ incarnation. Light came to a dark world and the darkened world would not grasp it. The world did not want Him, and His own rejected Him. Things have not changed today, many still reject Him. They may have seen the truth but they choose the darkness rather than the light. Just as His own people did when they cried, “Crucify Him, Crucify Him!” They said “Give us Barabas.” And they still cry that today. Oh, friend, so many people stop just short of salvation. Why? Many rebel but many refuse because of shame. Many can not bear to look at the truth when it is right in front of them. What do you do when you have been in the darkness for a long time, or when you first wake up in the morning and someone turns the light on? You hide your face because the light hurts your eyes. Isaiah said “We hid as it were, our faces from Him.”
Hebrews 4:12 tells us that the word of God is quick an powerful, and sharper than any two edged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints of the marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.
This is not changed. The word of God is still a divider of light and darkness. Jesus told His disciples in Matthew 10:34 that He came to send a sword…Not peace. And today men are divided by the word of God. There are families, communities, even nations which are divided by God’s word: Even our great nation of America was born of division over the word of God.
Intro: Brief review of previous studies
In looking at day two, let’s look at some things about the number two in scripture.
The number two is the number of division or separation. It affirms that there is a difference. Exodus 8:23 reads “I will put a division between my people and they people.”
We see that the light was divided from the darkness, (the night from the day); the waters from the waters, (the saved from the lost). The first Adam and the Last Adam.
Jesus sent the seventy out by two’s, two is the number of witness (Luke 10:1; (1Timothy 5:19).
“And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters.”
The physical miracle that took place here is enormous. God formed the sky and separated the waters above from the waters beneath. The water vapor which continually remains above us in our atmosphere is estimated to be 54 trillion 460 billion tons. Water is 773 times the weight of air, imagine the power it took to lift it.
The amount of rain and snow that falls every year is the equivalent of 186,000 cubic miles. The supply of water above the earth is constantly maintained by evaporation, by the power of the sun.
Thus far in our study we have looked at the original creation, & the gap theory. Next we looked at the condition of the world in Genesis 1:2 and how it corresponds with the condition of the soul of a lost man. It was empty, confused, and in darkness. Being all of these makes it a fitting picture of a lost soul. Then we looked at the fact that God’s Spirit moved upon the face of the waters and God did not make a full end. Next we looked at Genesis 1:3 “And God said, let there be light, and there was light.” And we looked at how this pictured the work of the Holy Spirit in enlightening a lost soul to it’s lost condition. Day one is also a picture of Christ being born into the world. Into a world which had again become dark, confused and empty; Light came by way of a little virgin girl in the town of Bethlehem. We looked at the fact that John bore witness of that Light in John 1; and we noted how the Holy Spirit shines the light of the gospel in the heart of a darkened soul.
In the first day we see pictured:
1. The incarnation of Christ
2. The first work of the Holy Spirit in a lost soul
3. The condition of the lost soul revealed
We looked at how some people accept the truth and come to repentance, and some will deny the truth and fight against the convicting power of the Holy Ghost. We also looked at why many refuse to accept the truth;
Isaiah 58:3 says “We hid, as it were, our faces from him.”
We also noted that the light and the darkness can not get together. They are separate, they do not mix.
The first thing God dealt with was the darkness in day one. The next thing that God dealt with is here in Day Two. Here God deals with disorder. We see a dead planet, overflowed with water. There is nothing in sight but water. As yet there is no atmosphere either.
“And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters.”
Let’s look first at the fact that this is the second day. The number two, as we study, we will see is very significant here. A serious bible student should always consider any numbers, colors, seasons, names, etc. in the text of great importance. All things in scripture are of the utmost importance for us in seeking to know God better.
In the sacrifices there are two birds, one slain and the other set free; two goats, one slain, the other set free. There are two masters which are the two covenants, old and new. The woman and her seed – Satan and his seed. There is clean and unclean, righteousness and unrighteousness, light and darkness, law and grace, Christ and anti-Christ, physical and spiritual; and many more illustrations of the fact that two is the number of division.
The number two is also the number of witness, “In the mouth of two or three witnesses ever word may be established.”
Our Lord sent His disciples out by two’s. Also in illustration of this are Caleb and Joshua spying out the promised land.
Moses and Aaron,
Elijah and Elisha,
Paul and Barnabas,
Peter and John,
Moses and Elijah on the mount of transfiguration,
The two angels at Christ’s resurrection,
Two men at His ascension,
Two angels were sent to get Lot out of Sodom,
And the word of God itself with the two witnesses, the Old and New Testaments.
Much more could be observed but for the sake of being short we will stop there.
Now looking at day two and the physical act which was in itself infinitely miraculous. God formed the sky by separating the waters which were above from the waters which were beneath. The physical miracle which took place on this day is passed over unnoticed. In considering the statistics that we already mentioned think of the sheer power that it took to do this. On day two there was no sun yet, just the Power of Almighty God. Step back and look at what a miracle working God, a powerful God, we serve. Imagine the power of God if you can.
In the second day’s work, the making of the firmament, we have pictured before us the cross on which our Lord was crucified. We have already noted that day one was a picture of the incarnation of Christ. The first step in God’s plan to redeem fallen man was the incarnation of Christ or His birth here on earth. I have said many times that Jesus Christ was the Love of God personified. The Son given in John 3:16.
The firmament is a picture of Calvary or of Christ’s death. It is in looking back to Calvary that we see man at his worst and God at His best. We see…
1. The cost of sin
2. The price of redemption
3. The law executed
4. Judgment administered
5. And the Justice of a Holy God satisfied
Notice three things on this second day
1. Division – Jesus was suspended between heaven and earth, between God and man, between the two thieves.
(Both the thieves were condemned men, dying for their transgressions but notice them. One was still mocking Jesus while the other recognizes Him as Lord and calls on Him for Salvation. All men are in the shape that those thieves were in. Dying, without hope until they look to Jesus, and cry out to Him.)
2. We also see SEPERATION, Only He could do this, only Jesus could be the perfect sacrifice. Separate man because He was sinless and perfect, separate from the Father because He was made to be sin for us. (Greatest of all is this beautiful truth; This was a voluntary separation. Jesus separated Himself for us. “Who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame.”)
3. And ISOLATION, Pushed back toward heaven on a rugged cross by a humanity that was saying, “we will not have this man to rule over us,” and rejected by heaven because He had become sin for us. The Father turned away His face from His precious Son. For the only brief time in eternity, the fellowship of the Trinity was broken, that we might be brought back into fellowship with the God of Heaven. Oh, praise God for His wonderful sacrifice.
“And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters. And God made the firmament, and it divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament, and it was so.”
The firmament here is a picture of the cross, it was on the cross that God’s precious Son, Jesus, was for a moment, separated from God and man. Our Lord cried out on the cross “My God My God why has thou forsaken me?” And the Father in heaven turned away from His only begotten Son. We can not understand it, I can not explain it, but the Blessed Trinity was broken for a brief moment in time. This is one of those mysteries, one of the awesome truths of God’s word which we as men can not understand, but we accept it in faith though we can’t understand. The fact before us is that God turned away from His only Son. Jesus is, and has always been God, we see this in John chapter 1. Jesus is the Lamb slain before the foundation of the world. Jesus could not be killed, but chose to die.
“No man taketh my life from me but I lay it down,” John 10:14-18
Jesus chose to die,
“Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit.” Luke 23:46
Jesus chose when to die.
We as men can not understand this but the word of God tells us these things. He said that He would lay His life down and that He would take it up again. He was never out of control, nor did He ever lose power. He proved it on the third and Glorious day when He arose. He got up from the grave and showed heaven and earth and all creation that He is still God and He is still in control.
Oh, friend, all of this is true and we stand in awe and we look at Calvary and wonder at what Jesus suffered for us on the Cross. This is just truth, to be believed and accepted. On the cross Jesus was separated from man, rejected by a God hating world which hung our precious Saviour on a cross, then shoved Him back toward heaven, not realizing that one day He will rule. He is the Lord of all creation. Every knee shall bow and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord.
(Notice His Thirst)
His thirst was much deeper than a thirst for water, it was much greater than any physical need. He suffered a thirst for,
1. Partnership – fellowship with the Father and the Spirit was broken
2. Citizenship – no place to call home, neither world would have Him
3. For Fellowship – no communion (there was none to relate too, He was all alone)
Notice also that the firmament is a picture of the cross in that it was purposed by God before it was made. God commanded it to be so and He was very careful to let us see that it was of Great importance because it did not simply come to be at His command. Other times things were commanded and “it was so”. Here it reads, “And God made the firmament”.
By the same token, Jesus is the Lamb slain before the foundation of the world. God purposed it and God did it Himself. Abraham understood this when he was walking up the mountain to offer up Isaac. That is why he said that God would provide “Himself” a sacrifice and not “for Himself”.
Next, notice where the firmament is, “in the midst of the waters.” It is a well known fact among bible students that water is a type or a picture of the word of God in bible study. Still waters, as in Psalm 23 is also a type of the word of God. And again when Jesus spoke to Nicodemus in John 3. But here the word is plural and in a plural sense the word refers to or is a picture of the people or nations of the world. We will see later that the sea or seas are also a type of peoples or nations. In this verse this word is a type of people. The place where our Lord was crucified, I have heard it said, was the geographical center of the world. I really don’t understand the statement. If you look at the map it is around 33degrees North by 35degrees But the bible “the midst of the waters,” in describing the firmament’s position. I believe there can be no more simple or beautiful comparison. Jesus was crucified in the midst of humanity. This great gift to the world from God was not given in secret, but for all to see. He was crucified on the pass-over which would mean that Jews of every nation would be present in the city of Jerusalem. Hence we see that He was in the midst of the waters.
“And let it divide the waters from the waters,” And so we all know that the cross is a dividing line for the people of the world. Even then it divided the believing thief from the unbelieving thief. And today the preaching of the cross is still foolishness to the lost world.
The firmament is also a picture of the cross in that it was purposed, designed, and fore-ordained of God. “Him being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God.” (Acts 2:23)
If you will also notice, the second days work is the only one which the word of God does not say that God saw that it was good. Because it pointed to the cross and there God had to deal with sin. It was there that the Precious Son of God willingly gave Himself to die for sinners like us. This is the cup of which Christ spoke when he prayed, becoming sin and enduring the broken fellowship with the Father and the Holy Spirit. Many fail to see this. The physical suffering Jesus endured and never complained, the beatings, the scourging, the mockery, the cursing that He endured were nothing to Him compared to what lay ahead. This is why the bible tells us the He endured the cross despising the shame. To despise it meant that He thought little of it. Why? For the joy that was set before Him. He was willing to lay down His life in anticipation of all the souls that would be saved as a result, and He focused on the joy ahead instead of the current circumstances. The bitter cup that was the great difficulty was the thought of being made sin and suffering that horrible separation. Jesus went to the cross and hung there for us. In all the things that He suffered, he never once cried out until,
“My God, My God, why has thou forsaken me?”
Oh, how little we think of that fellowship today. We lapse into sin at nothing. Let’s take a fresh look at day two, at the firmament, at Calvary.
The number 3 is, just as the number one is, a picture of God, the Holy Trinity: Father, Son and Holy Spirit. It is also the divine pattern by which man was made, for man himself is a three part being, (body, soul and spirit). The number 3 is also the number of union, approval, approbation, co-ordination, completeness, and perfection. There are three definitions of God. God is…
Christ rose on the 3rd day. Jonah was 3 days and three nights in the belly of the great fish. Christ was crucified in the 3rd hour and hung on the cross 6 hours; three hours were in darkness, three in the light. The inscription over His head was written in 3 languages and 3 days later He arose. Christ raised 3 persons from the dead, Jairus’ daughter (Mk 5), the widow’s son (Lk 7), and Lazarus (Jn 11). He has three offices;
3 is the number of resurrection, hope, promise of a future. So, in day 3 of the creation we see a picture of our resurrected Saviour and Lord, which will become more clear as we study.
On the third day you will find that the disciples still did not understand. They still did not fully believe. That is why the ladies went to the tomb on the third morning with spices for the Lord’s body. He had told the already that He would rise on the third day. What those precious ladies did was working in the flesh. The Lord knew that His body would not be there for them to wrap with all those spices and ointments. The Holy Spirit did not lead them to do that.
Look at the world on the morning of the third day. On day one God said “Let there be light” on day two God made the firmament, and on the third day we see at the outset a world that is flooded, dead, and separated from the heavens above it. There was no life anywhere and no ground to stand on. Then God said, “Let the waters under the heaven be gathered unto one place.” (Here is one place that scientists will say that the bible is a work of fiction, concocted in the mind of a man and that God did not lead Moses to write it down.) They try and say that Moses could only observe the sea that was before him and that this proves the finite nature of his writings. This, they say, proves that the bible is not really the word of God, thereby declaring that there is no God.
But we also know some facts with which scientists prove themselves to be in gross error, and it shows us just how accurate the word of God is. Though there are many seas and oceans, rivers, and lakes; there is only one “sea-bed”. All the waters of the earth are gathered together unto one place and that place is known all over the world as sea-level.
“And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so.”
Here the resurrection is pictured in the fact that the world was dead, flooded, seemingly hopeless, but Thank God for the Light and the firmament. It is only because these two came first that dry land was able to appear.
God had to show us our condition by shedding light on a darkened soul then He showed us Calvary pictured by the firmament and now we see that beautiful picture of resurrection ground. We had no ground to stand on, no hope without Christ and if not for the resurrection of our Lord, we would still be without hope. Thanks be unto God that by His marvelous Grace we have a standing in His sight in Christ Jesus who was “delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our justification.” (Rom. 4:25)
“Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ: By whom also we have access by faith into His grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.” (Rom. 5:1-2)
But friends, if Jesus had not risen on that third day we would still be without hope. Instead, we see, on the third day, resurrection ground. We see pictured here that on which we stand. The waters are beneath it, below it, it stands above the waters, and sets the bounds of the seas. That is a picture of what David wrote about my Lord when he said, “The Lord said unto my Lord, sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool.”(Psalm 110:1)
Yes, praise God, day one is a picture of Christ coming into the world, the light that shone in the darkness in John 1. Day two is a picture of Calvary, and day three is a picture of the resurrection.
(READ VERSES 9-13)
We see the next thing is hope; hope, where all there was before was emptiness and death. Now there is hope. Look at the grass – green; trees – green; herbs – green! Green is the color of hope, of life, and then look at the seed, the promise of a future.
In looking at John’s vision of Heaven and of the New Jerusalem we find that most of the colors are shades of green, (Rev. 21:18-21). You will find that more than half of the stones named that make up the foundations of the city of New Jerusalem are shades of green. Oh friend, the color of hope, of life. “My hope is built on nothing less than Jesus Blood and Righteousness.” Thank God for that hope. Look at (Rev. 4:3) the rainbow around the throne is Emerald, green! The rainbow is surrounding the throne of a covenant keeping God and it tells me that when all seems lost and hopeless I still have someone that I can turn too. I still have a place I can run to when I am in need. I am glad for that precious hope.
No matter where I am, no matter what I am facing, I have better help than the world could ever offer. I have a 24 hour hot line right to the throne of Almighty God through prayer. He is a very present help in time of need. I have something to shout about because of what Jesus did for me on Golgotha’s hill. I now have ground to stand on and hope of life but the seed in this picture tells me of a future. The present may be bleak; today it may be dark but I am glad I have a bright future.
John 14:1-3 tells us that He will come again.
1 Thess. 4 tells us that we will meet Him in the air and so shall we ever be with the Lord.
Rev. 1:12 tells us that we will meet Him face to face.
What a day, What a day, when we meet Jesus face to face! What a future we have to look forward too!
The number four is the creation number. Four has special reference to the earth. On the fourth day the material creation is finished. There are four regions to the earth;
Each day has four divisions
There are four seasons
There are four lunar divisions
There are four corners of the earth
A fourfold division of mankind
The prince of this world in Rev. 20:2 is given a four fold description.
In the fourth day we see a picture of our Lord’s ascension. Material creation being completed we find ourselves being brought to look heavenward. Our gaze is shifted to see our Lord and His redeemed. Look at our text. The two lights, the sun and moon. The sun is the give of light to the earth. In being the giver of light, it is the life of the earth. The moon is a pale reflection of the sun.
Jesus is the Light of the world and we are luminaries, that as the moon reflects the sun’s light, we reflect the light of our Lord to a dark world.
We have pictured in the first four days of Creation the four great stages in the accomplishment of Redemption.
1. Christ coming into the world, day one
2. His crucifixion, day two
3. His resurrection, day three
4. His ascension, day four
In looking at verse 14 you will notice that the stars, the sun and the moon are for signs and for seasons; and for days and for years. There is a proper place for the study of the stars. The farmer’s almanac, yes; but not the ZODIAC. God told us right here the they would be useful.
We have seen in our studies that God has created and prepared all the physical creation, and for a purpose. It was intended to be inhabited by this last creation, man. This is not something which just suddenly occurred to God but God had already planned it. Notice the conversation in verse 26 of chapter one. There was no discussion about what would be or should be done next. The creation of man was to take place and God was not seeking permission or counsel but making the command.
Here we have the another hint of the trinity. God says, “Let us” . We also see the trinity at the baptism of Jesus, (Matt. 3:16-17)
1. God the Father spoke from Heaven,
2. God the Son was standing before John the Baptist
3. God the Holy Spirit descended from heaven like a dove
And again in 1 John 5:7 we see the blessed trinity. This was the God-head speaking at the baptism of Jesus. We know that according to Collosians 2:9 “in him dwelleth all the fullness of the Godhead bodily.” And we also know that according to John 1: 1-3 that all things were made by him. Therefore we know who is speaking in the verses before us. We also know that He was not speaking to the angels, for we are not created in the image of angels. We are created in the image of God in that we are a three part being. Body, soul and spirit. We are a physical creature, a mental creature, and a spiritual creature. God could not have been talking to angels because they were not created in God’s image, they are spiritual creatures and had nothing to do with the creation of Adam.
If you will notice the wording here in verse 27, “created” is the same Hebrew word as in Genesis 1:1. The word “bara”. This word means to suddenly, miraculaously, and instantly call something into existence where nothing previously was. We will look back at this shortly, but do keep it in mind.
We not only see that man was created in the image and likeness of God, but we also see that God presented him with dominion over all creation. Man was given the authority to rule over creation. Look again at verse 26. This authority Adam later lost when he sinned. When Jesus Christ, The Last Adam (1 Cor. 15:45) came to earth, He exercised the dominion that the first Adam had lost when he sinned. He demonstrated that He had authority over the fish in (Lk 5:1-7; Jn 21:1-6; Matt. 17:24-27) and the foul (Matt. 26:69-75) and the animals (Mk. 1:13, 11:3-7). On the cross He conquered sin and death, so that now Grace can reign (Rom. 5:21) and God’s people can reign in life through Jesus Christ (vs 17). One day He will return and restore to His people the dominion which was lost by the first Adam.
Imagine the power of this dominion. Adam ruled this earth. This is what we see in the Lord Jesus. He could control the weather. He said to the storm, “Peace, be still.” He could feed the multitude with five loaves and two fishes. At His word the disciples’ net was full, almost to the point of breaking with the load. He turned the water into wine, walked on the water, rode an asses colt into Jerusalem upon which no man had ever sat, it was not broken. He exercised the dominion that Adam had lost.
We see in verse 27 the first mention, in no uncertain terms, of gender. Right there in the word of God we see that God made them male and female. Them, it says; a plural term for a plural subject. God was not then, and is not now confused about what is what, or who is what. A homosexual may try and say that he or she is trapped in the wrong body; that is an ungodly lie. God has been doing this far too long not to know what He is doing now. People try and blame their wrong choices on some one else. A drunk is now called an alcoholic, a person suffering from a sickness. Gluttony is called a disease and an addiction. Adultery is called an affair. Homosexuality is called and alternative lifestyle. Perverts are now labeled as pornography addicts. All are ungodly and sinful. Call it what it is and deal with it for Pete’s sake.
God told man in verse 28 to be fruitful and multiply. He knew all about the bodies of man and woman and blessed them with the ability to reproduce. That gift of intimacy that God gave man and woman then was no mystery to God. The intimate relationship between a man and his wife is a beautiful gift from the heart and mind of a Loving God. But these days it is made into something ugly and immoral. Man is some cases may lie about his own perverted problems but God did not make him that way. Man chooses his own way.
In verses 28-31 of Genesis chapter 1 we see God presenting man with the whole created world and blessing them. We see God’s satisfaction in verse 31 when the word of God says that God saw that it was “very good.”
Then in 2:1-3 we see that God rested. The number 7 is the number of completeness. Note that it says that God rested from all His works that He had made. This is much like us when we have something we must do and work at it until finally, being finished we can step back, relax and observe our work.
The number seven is the number of divine fullness, perfection, and completeness. It is one of the perfect numbers and it comes from a Hebrew word which means to be “complete”, “full”, or “satisfied”, “to have enough”.
In Genesis 2:7 we see that God formed man of the dust of the ground. This is something that we referred to earlier and said that we would get back to it. We had noted that the word created in 1:27 is the same Hebrew word as 1:1. It means to call something into existence where nothing previously was.
Looking at 2:7 we see that God formed man of the dust of the ground. The word “formed” in this verse is translated from the Hebrew word “yatsar”. This word means to squeeze into shape, to mould or to form. It conveys the idea of a potter moulding a vessel with his hands. Here we have pictured what we read in John 1:3.
“All things were made by him, and without him was not anything made that was made.”
God Himself moulded the very body of man and shaped him. This form was made from the dust that was there. But the creature, the new creation was the life that God breathed into this body and man became a living soul.
Though God made a body from the dust, He created a man to inhabit the body.
This verse tells us that we were created by God. We are not the result of a galactic accident of some sort. And we are not the top rung on some evolutionary ladder. God created man and gave him dominion.
Because God made us, we are wholly dependent upon Him. “For in Him we live and move and have our being” (Acts 17:28)
We were created in God’s image. He gave each and every one of us personality, minds
to think with, emotions to feel with and wills for making decisions: But He also gave us a spiritual nature that enables us to know and worship Him. We were created to have dominion over the earth but because of Adam’s sin, death and sin now reign on the earth. He deserves our worship, praise and obedience.
We are not like the animals. We were both made and created in the image of God. This is another one of those mysteries that we can’t fully comprehend. Man is God’s greatest affection. This is another one of those mysteries that we can’t fully comprehend.
Man is God’s greatest affection. He made us special, No other creature has the ability to walk upright, to communicate in a sophisticated manner, and most important, no other creature has the desire to worship. Only man has it within himself to seek after and to know God. All over the world we can look at mankind and this truth is manifested in every culture. Men seek to worship. Men know that there is something higher than themselves, there is a “higher power” and there is a God, they will worship something.
The word man is actually ,Adam, in 2:7, and is related to the earth. It comes from the Hebrew word adamah. But it is also used generically to speak of both male and female for both were created in God’s image and both equally possess an eternal spirit capable of personal fellowship with God.
In verses 28-30 we see that having created man, God pronounced a blessing upon them. He gave them instruction and commission. Only one man and one woman were made. In study we can see that the animal creation was abundant, from the use of such words in the Hebrew language as are translated “swarms” and “abundantly”.
God’s first command to man was to be fruitful and multiply and replenish the earth. This command has not yet been fully carried out. We can be sure that God’s command, which He gave again after the flood was given with the full knowledge that the world would be able to sustain a very large population. There is no biblical reason to become alarmed at what politicians call a population explosion.
God also says to subdue and have dominion over the earth. This is being obeyed by study in life all around us. Man is advancing technologically by leaps and bounds. He is on the verge of new discoveries at every moment of every day and is slowly subduing this world and exercising his dominion.
It is also interesting to note some things about man.
1. In verses 27-28 it is plain that this would be and should be carried out in a monogamous relationship.
2. and man, as well as every other creature, was obviously a vegetarian.
In verse 31 we see that the evening and the morning were the sixth day. God’s creation was finished and man had been put here to rule over the world, completing the physical creation and in 2:1-3 God rested.
In our previous study we saw the creation of man in a quick and short statement. In chapter two God shows us more of the details surrounding what we have already seen. In chapter 2 and verses 4-6 we have a quick review of material creation and when we get to verse 7 it seems to slow down a bit. This, we may safely assume is for a reason. There is something to learn here; that we need to study is obvious in that God gives us more detail to see. We already studied verse 7 in our previous lesson but let’s look at it again quickly before moving on. We said before that man was “formed” and “created”; or made and created. The making of man was the forming of a body of the dust of the ground. The creating of man was that imparting of life by God which gave man an eternal and undying soul. This is how man was both made “and” created. Imagine, a body was made but the creature or the new creation was placed inside that body. Priase God! We will leave this old body of clay behind one day! Our captivity here will one day come to an end.
We already noted that the Hebrew word which was translated to the English word “formed” is a word which describes the way that a potter squeezes and moulds clay into what he desires. This means that God thought man so important that He moulded and shaped his body into a likeness unto Himself. This is Jesus, friend, who actually moulded the body of man, the Hands of God, and then He breathed life into him.
Notice what we are made of here. If we were to remove all the moisture from our bodies we would find that we are approximately ¾ water. Other than that we are dust. Just a pitiful little handful of dust. If you will recall, we as Christians are only members of a much greater body. We Christians are members one of another. The Church, the Body of Christ. Well friends, we know that we are but dust. We also know that water in bible study is a type of the word of God: it is water that holds the body together.
Now looking at our bodies we find a very strong comparison to the church. Both these bodies are made of dust and water. If our physical bodies do not receive at least 2 ½ qts of water a day, we will die. It will be a very painful and slow death by dehydration. We get this water from drinking, of course, and part of it from what we eat. We must have a minimum however, to survive.
By the same token, as a member of that greater body, the church; we must have water to survive. That water being the word of God. This is the water Jesus was speaking of in John 3 when He was speaking to Nicodemus. Unless a man is born of the water and of the Spirit he can not enter into the kingdom of heaven. (Read Jn. 3:5-10). After our spirits are washed clean and our souls cleansed by the blood of Jesus we then are to allow the written and the spoken word of God to clean up the outside. This makes it very important for us to be in church. That is where you hear the word of God preached. You can look at some churches and how the members live, sometimes you can tell if a church is drying up and dying on God when all they really need is a good drink. Many preachers just won’t dig into the word of God so that they might have something to give to God’s people. And it shows.
We see in verses 8-17 that God planted a garden Eastward in Eden. He prepared a beautiful place, a perfect place; and gave it to Adam to dress and keep and to live in and live of it’s fruits. It is here that we see in verse 18 that God said, “ It is not good that the man should be alone.” God saw a need, God was not at all surprised by this for there was already a plan in the heart of God for the man that He had made. God often allows us to learn some things on our own, of course, with His wisdom as our guide, even though we may not know it, God teaches us many things.
Look at verses 18 and 19. Adam did not know about what was said in verse 18. God knew about his need, even though as yet, Adam did not. Only when Adam realized his need would it be the great blessing it should be to him when he received this precious gift of an help-meet from God. This is one thing that Adam learned when he named the creatures. God had Adam name every living creature and in doing so Adam noticed that every living creature had a counter-part, a mate, one with which to fellowship, share, live; and it was in fulfilling this task that Adam realized he was alone. We know from verse 20 that he noticed this.
“but for Adam, there was not found an help-meet for him.”
We know that it was not God who found this to be so, because He already knew about it. “It is not good that the man should be alone.” It was Adam who could not find an help-meet for himself. This tells us that in naming all of God’s creatures, in seeing each of these creatures with it’s mate, Adam realized that he was all alone; The empty feeling of having no one to share your life with. There was an awakening in the heart of man to his need for one to be with him.
But, unbeknownst to Adam, God had already said in (Genesis 2:18) “I will make him an help-meet for him.”
God often waits until we realize a need before He provides it for us. He wanted Adam to realize that he had a need. Being a good Father, god allowed him to learn this by giving him something to do. So, Adam, in obedience to what God commanded, learned a great lesson, while at the same learning that he could do absolutely nothing about it. This would make him appreciate even more the blessing when he received it of God. Many a man or woman, marry too young and never learn to appreciate their mate because they have never learned what life is like alone. I was a bachelor until I was 27. I know what a blessing it is to have my family after being alone for so long. Because I was alone for so long I appreciate the wife that God has given me. And the children that God has given me.
God wanted Adam to know this joy, so, in His infinite Wisdom He showed Adam his need. By making him think.
In 2:21,22 we see that God blessed Adam with a help-meet.
Look at what god did here. He caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam and took one of his ribs and closed up the flesh instead thereof. We see here that she was in him and God brought her out. Notice what the bible says. He made the rib into the woman. We already know that there are some things which are a mystery to us and will stay that way. This is one of those things. God made that rib into Eve. This is the same God who fed 5,000 with five loaves and two fish. He fed more than a million people in the wilderness for forty years. This same God has the power to do just what the word of God says God can do. And God made that rib into the woman who was to be Adam’s help-meet.
Notice this; since she was taken out of man, he would have been incomplete without her. Without her he was not the man that God wanted him to be. This union was needed for Adam’s life to be what it ought to be.
We know that we all sprang from Adam. He was the first of all mankind. Think of this. Because we must have a mother and a father, the importance of the woman is magnified. The natural process of reproduction tells us that when God took Eve from Adam’s side that part of us was in Adam and part was in Eve. It was after the blessed union of marriage and the consummation of that marriage that the two became one flesh though their children.
This makes it most important that great care is taken in the choosing of a mate. When God said, “It is not good that the man should be alone. I will make an help-meet for him.” I believe that statement applied to almost every man that has ever or shall ever live and that God had a specific mate in mind for us all even while Adam slept and underwent the first surgery ever performed there. In Genesis 2 Friends, part of us was in Eve and part of us was in Adam all those thousands of years ago. It was on March 25th of 1995 that God finally brought me together with my wife and made me whole. It was on that day that we became man and wife. And we were later made one flesh in our children, who God already has a mate for somewhere. They will be incomplete until they are together.
Look again at our text. God took a rib from Adam’s side and that rib he made into a woman. I understand the fact that a man is to rule his house. I know some think I am chauvinistic in some ways but it is God’s divine order for the home. God established this order. The man is to be the king in his home, but the wife is to be the queen. She is to be cared for, provided for, loved, cherished, at her husband’s side in all things. God never intended the dis-respect and abuse that we see in many cases. Men must realize that God does not give us a wife to be a maid, but a mate. We are commanded to love our wives. (Eph. 5:21-25).
Notice this, we are to submit to one another.
Matthew Henry brought out that God took Eve from Adam’s side. Not from his head to rule over him, nor from his feet to be trampled by him, but from his side to be beside him. From under his arm to be protected. From near his heart to be loved. Marriage is a partnership and it is ordained of God. We see the first wedding ceremony performed here in Genesis 2:22. God gave Eve to Adam. One man, one woman, one marriage.
Look at Adam’s words in the last verses of this chapter. We see his words that a man who loves a woman will forsake all for her because of that love. He realized how important she was to him, and how important this union was, and he said so. We need to instill in our young people the sanctity and the importance of this thing of being husband and wife.
We read in Eph. 5:21-25 “Husbands love your wives even as Christ also loved the church and gave Himself for it,” Here we are reminded of how great a love should be between a man and wife. Jesus showed us how great was His love for the church, but for fear of getting ahead of myself in these studies we will cover this in our study of the next chapter.
We see in verse 22 of chapter 2 that “brought her unto the man.” Here we see the Lord performed the first marriage. With all of creation as witness and God the Father to give away the bride and in the garden of Eden. A perfect and holy environment. It is good to notice the fact that there was one man, one woman, and that they were joined together by God. That is the way it should still be.
In verse 23 we see the bond that there is between man and wife. Without one another they are both incomplete. This is the one reason that it is so important to wait and be sure that the one you are marrying is the right one, the one that God intended. Too many marry the wrong one. To marry the wrong person is to place yourself into a relationship that will leave you wanting, incomplete even though you are not alone. And the marriage vows say it best, till death do us part. I still believe that is exactly how God intends it, till death.
These days divorce is so common that marriage is not given the consideration it should be. I do understand that when a marriage is bad and a mate decides to leave you can not force them to stay. I know that it happens and I am not going to go beating people up about past mistakes. But I will warn the young single folks and preach to them about how important it is to take your time, wait on God, stay pure, and marry the right one the first time! If God puts a couple together, I believe they will stay together. Those who marry in the flesh wind up leaving in the flesh.
The reason I say this is that we see in verse 24 how strong the bond is between a man and his wife if God puts them together. Not even the love for a father or mother will tear them apart.
And in verse 25 you see the purity of the marriage relationship. It is nothing to be ashamed of. When a man and woman become man and wife the intimacy of the marriage relationship is a beautiful gift from God to be shared together within the confines of marriage. That is the way that God intended for man to populate this earth. (Genesis 1:28)
It was a blessing and a gift from God. Some people believe that child-bearing is a curse as a result of the fall but it is no such thing. God had commanded them to be fruitful and multiply before the fall of man. Children were a promise and a gift.
Gen 3:1-6 Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden? And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden: But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die. And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die: For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil. And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.
About Genesis 3
According to J. Vernon McGee, the third chapter of Genesis is considered by many to be the most important chapter in the entire bible. He goes so far as to say in his commentary on Genesis that he believes that all conservative bible expositors think this.
Dr. Griffith Thomas calls Genesis chapter 3 the pivot of the bible.
In chapters one and two you find all in perfection, no sin, no death; man is in innocence and walking in perfect fellowship with God. Then in chapters 4-11 you find jealousy, anger, murder, lying, wickedness, corruption, rebellion and judgment.
If we omit chapter 3 none of the rest of the bible would make any sense to us at all. There would be an empty space that we could not fill.
Another commentator has this to say about chapter 3 of Genesis.
“Here we trace back to the source many of the rivers of divine truth. Here begins the great drama…of human history. Here we find explanation of the fallen, ruined condition of man. Here we learn of our enemy the devil; The powerlessness of man to walk in righteousness; The spiritual effects of sin, Man seeking to flee from God, The attitude of God toward the guilty sinner, The tendency of man to try and hide his own shame by his own works. Here we learn of God’s provision to meet our need. And it is here that the prophecy begins which runs all through the scriptures. (That prophecy of the seed of the woman, Jesus.) And here we learn that man can not approach God except through a mediator.
Warren Wiersbe went so far as to say that if Genesis 3 were not in the bible, there would be no bible as we know it. Because the rest of scripture documents the consequences of Adam’s sin and explains what God in His Grace has done to rescue us.
We need to understand this chapter in order to understand what Paul writes about justification in Romans chapter 5; about men and women in the church in 1 Timothy 2:18-15; as well as the explanation of the future resurrection in 1 Corinthians 15.
We know that through Adam’s disobedience sin passed upon all men. Genesis chapter 3 is not a myth. If the fall of man did not actually occur then the Christian faith is built upon fables and not facts. This would mean that Jesus died needlessly on the cross.
Genesis 3:1 “yea hath God said…?”
This is mankind’s first encounter with the devil. Through the rest of the Word of God, we will see the steady progress of a war between God and Satan, good and evil, sin and righteousness. Man’s part only began here. As we begin this study it is wise to remember that the devil did not start here. We looked at where he came from when we studied the gap of Genesis 1:1-2. We looked at this according to the word of God. Some may question God’s allowing this to happen. Why the temptation? In studying chapters 1 and 2 you will see that man was created innocent, not perfect. Our children are born innocent, not perfect, not righteous. Righteousness is innocence that has maintained in the presence of temptation. And temptation will either develop you or destroy you. Man was created with the responsibility to glorify, obey, serve and be subject unto God. We see man’s responsibility laid on him by God when God said, “Thou shalt not eat of it.” We also know that there were many other trees in the garden and that man did not need to eat of this tree at all. Therefore, his responsibility.
Now, we see in verse one of chapter 3 our introduction to the serpent. The word subtle in this verse comes from a Hebrew word which means or implies that something is beautiful, pleasant to look at, appealing, tempting.
That is exactly how the devil still works today. He will wrap sin in an attractive package and dangle it in front of some person like a carrot in front of a hard headed mule. He knows exactly what to do to get your attention and hold it once he has it. He will try and destroy you. That is what sin will do, it will destroy you. It may start small but it will grow to that place that you will be crushed by the weight of it.
He approached Eve in the garden. Here she was, poor, sweet, innocent Eve. There is no knowing how many times she may have passed that tree, innocent and happy. Now here she is near the tree. A voice breaks the silence in the air as the serpent approaches. You must remember that she was still innocent. There was no such thing as fear, no sickness, pain or death. She had never experience fear. She could know of no reason to run.
When the serpent spoke he asked her that deceitful question, “yea hath God said, ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?” He cast doubt upon the word of God and touched her curiosity. If you will notice her answer you will note that she added to the word of God. “neither shall ye touch it,” That is not what God said. In her predicament we see how important it is that we study the word of God. She knew what God said and she did not need to add to it to make her point. It is of the utmost importance that we be familiar with the word of God because this is still one of the devil’s most effective tactics today. Good Christian people are often led astray because someone who knows the bible better than they do will cause them to doubt what truth they do know.
Look at what Eve did. She added to and subtracted from the word of God. In her reply she had made God seem less generous and more demanding than He was. God had told them that they could “freely” eat of all the trees of the garden except one.
“God had not forbidden them to touch the fruit, of course; so this further supposed restriction had been purely the product of Eve’s developing resentment.”
The Genesis Record page 111 by Henry Morris
Having caused Eve to doubt God’s generosity and question His authority, then changing the word of God the devil goes further in blatantly denying God’s word and calling God a liar when he said, “ye shall not surely die,” What is more, he implied that God was afraid that they would learn too much. Accusing God of withholding from them something that would be beneficial to them.
Eve then looked at the tree in a new frame of mind. Her intellect had been poisoned by the sinful pride of Lucifer. In her heart she thought to herself “I will be like the most high” and she partook of that fruit. Then brought it too Adam.
This thought was in Lucifer’s heart in Isaiah 14:13,14. “I will be like the most high,”
I have heard many men preach on this and I have read several commentaries, and studied several ideas concerning this passage of scripture. Some treat Adam and Eve as if they were more ignorant or foolish than they were innocent. They were not drooling on themselves with the minds of tiny children. They were not deranged and incapable of cognizant thought. They were discerning adults capable of exercising their own wills, capable of intelligent conversation, depth of thought and able to fellowship with God. They were not the doty, childish, fools that many may make them out to be. The fact that God place man in the garden to dress and keep it tells us that he was capable of industry, reason, and perception.
My point is this, why did Adam eat of that fruit? Adam knew the word of God, Adam walked with God and enjoyed the fellowship with Him such as we have never known.
1Ti 2:11-15 Let the woman learn in silence with all subjection. But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp authority over the man, but to be in silence. For Adam was first formed, then Eve. And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived was in the transgression. Notwithstanding she shall be saved in childbearing, if they continue in faith and charity and holiness with sobriety.
According to the word of God, “Adam was not deceived”. This tells us that he knew exactly what he was doing. Now notice what Peter tells us.
1Pe 3:7 Likewise, ye husbands, dwell with them according to knowledge, giving honour unto the wife, as unto the weaker vessel, and as being heirs together of the grace of life; that your prayers be not hindered.
How could he say that they wife is the weaker vessel? You can only know which is weaker if both are tried. This is not to say that the woman is less than the man but different. She has her own thoughts, her own strengths and her own weaknesses. God made women with more sympathy and compassion, a mind more open to suggestion and a nature which is more inquisitive than a man’s. A man is more stubborn, hard-headed, set in his ways. He has a mind to work and a heart to provide, as well as a desire to protect and be depended upon. Mothers and fathers react differently in times of emergency or crisis. We are just different.
If we apply the principle that we find in 1Peter3:7 to Adam and Eve we can consider that the man was approached first and would not partake of the forbidden fruit. But the serpent did not quit there; he turned to the woman who was deceived and proven to be the weaker vessel. This brings us back to the question. “If Adam was not deceived, why did he partake of the fruit?”
Adam knew that Eve had fallen and he knew that they could not be together. She was fallen and he was not. So, Adam, out of love for Eve, his wife, became sin for her that they could be together. He willingly gave himself to die that they could be together. I am glad, Praise God! That there was another Adam, the Last Adam spoken of in 1Corinthians 15:45. He saw His bride and He loved her so much that He gave Himself for her. Jesus gave Himself. He was made sin for us on the cross and paid the price for our sins in His own Flesh, was buried and rose again on that third day that He might raise us up one day. The devil thought he had won the victory and if we were the only ones that he ever had to fight, he would have. But One came from heaven to take up the fight on our behalf and through His blood we have the victory today.
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